Bef 1766 - Abt 1807 (41 years)
||Squire Osborn |
||Bef 1766 
|1797 Tax List
||Russell County, Virginia 
||25 May 1781
||Revolutionary War: Enlisted in Capt. Brevard's Co., Col. Abram Shepard's 10th Reg. 
||Russell County, Virginia [4, 5]
||Drowned at confluence of Big Sandy and Ohio Rivers 
||27 Sep 2011 |
||Elizabeth Alley, b. BET. 1765 - 1775, Virginia |
| ||1. Hannah Osborn, b. Abt 1792, Russell County, Virginia , d. Bef 1860 (Age ~ 67 years)|
| ||2. Sarah Osborn, b. 1793, Scott (Russell) County, Virginia , d. 1833, Franklin County, Indiana (Age 40 years)|
| ||3. James Thomas Osborn, b. 15 Sep 1797, Virginia , d. 1858, Franklin County, Indiana (Age 60 years)|
| ||4. Edy Osborn, b. Abt 1798, Russell County, Virginia , d. Aft 1860, Callaway County, Missouri (Age ~ 63 years)|
| ||5. Jane "Ginsey" Osborn, b. Abt 1801, Virginia , d. 26 Nov 1859, Probably Franklin County, Indiana (Age ~ 58 years)|
||18 Sep 2014 |
- 1787 RUSSELL COUNTY VIRGINIA PERSONAL PROPERTY TAX LIST, SAMUEL RITCHIESLIST
Note: First figure after name refers to number of tithables over 21.Second figure after name refers to number of tithables age
16 and under age 21.
Osborn, James 1
Osborn, James 1
Osborn, Squire 1
Osborn, Stephen 1
Osborn, Thomas 1
Osborn, William 1
Squire Osborn was probably born in Rowan Co., North Carolina, and died atthe confluence of the Big Sandy and Ohio River. It is thought that thathe was a nephew of Thomas Osborn because of his will settlement.
Squire Osborn served in Capt. Brevard's co., Col. Abram Shepherd's 10thReg. He enlisted25 May 1781 and was discharged 25 April 1782. (N.C.State Records, Clark's Vol. XVI). He appeared first in Russell Co., VArecords 7 July 1787 (LOB 1-28] and was last recorded there in 1804, whennamed for jury duty.
Bio. of William R. Osburn-1122
History of Franklin County, Indiana, Indianapolis, B.F. Bowen & Co.,Inc., 1915. Page 872. (transcript)
[See the bio. of George R. Osburn-1113]
[See the bio. of William H. Osborn]
[See the bio. of Joseph J. Harvey]
WILLIAM R. OSBURN.
The Osburn family, worthily represented in Franklin county at thepresent
time by William R. Osburn, was one of the very first families to locate in
Franklin county. In fact, the first members of the family located here in
1799, a year before Indiana was made a territory, fourteen years before
Franklin county was organized and seventeen years before Indiana was
admitted to the union. During this long period of one hundred and sixteen
years succeeding generations of the family have been active participantsin
every phase of development of the county. A complete history of theOsburn
family and its connection with the various interests of the county wouldbe,
in a large measure, the history of Franklin county. In fact, the comingof
this family to this county antedates, the county organization many years,
the Osburns having been among the earliest and most prominent settlers of
William R. Osburn, son of George Riley and Martha F. (Sutfin) Osburn,was
born in Butler township, November 26, 1867. His father was born in thesame
township, September 26, 1828, and his mother was a native of the same
township, the date of her birth being March 26, 1842. William R. Osburnis
the only one of the nine children born to his parents who is now living.
George R. Osburn was educated in the public schools of his hometownship
and remained at home until the opening of the Civil War. He enlisted
January 1, 1862, in Company B, Fifty-second Regiment Indiana Volunteer
Infantry, and served until he was finally discharged from the service
September 10, 1865, at Montgomery, Alabama. Among many other battles in
which he was engaged, he participated in the engagement at Fort Donaldson,
Nashville and Mobile. George R. Osburn was married in 1866 and the year
following moved to Denver township, Richland county, Illinois, where he
lived until 1901. He then returned to the old homestead in Brookville
township, Franklin county, Indiana, and lived there until his death in1909.
His wife had preceded him to the grave several years, her death having
occurred in Illinois in 1901.
William R. Osburn moved with his parents to Illinois before he was ayear
old and lived in Illinois until 1901. In that year he returned to this
county with his father and settled down on the old homestead of twohundred
and sixteen acres which he now owns. He has engaged in general farmingand
stock raising with such success as to entitle him to the name of a
Mr. Osburn was married in 1894 to Susie Willhite, who was born in
Illinois, a daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Willhite, both of whom are
Mr. Osburn always has given his hearty support to the Republican party
and has always taken an intelligent interest in political affairs,although
he has never aspired to office. His wife is a member of the Methodistchurch
and Mr. Osburn contributes to the support of this denomination. He is a
Mason, a member of the Royal Arch degree, holding membership atBrookville.
He is also an Odd Fellow. Mr. Osburn is a man well worthy of the high
esteem in which he is held throughout the community and is a sterling
representative of a family which has always been active in promoting the
best interests of Franklin county.
In view of the fact that the Osburn familv is one of the oldestfamilies
of the county, it seems particularly fitting that the followinggenealogical
history of the family be here included, this history of the family notonly
being interesting from a personal standpoint but also valuable as throwing
an interesting light on the early history of the county.
The paternal grandsire of the Osburn generation whose descendants
settled in Franklin county, Indiana, was one of the first men in Kentucky,
and was accidentally drowned in the Ohio river near the mouth of the Big
Sandy, about 1796. This pioneer was of English nativity, his mother and
father came from Wales and England and resided in Scott county, Virginia.
Wishing to seek a home in the West, the father was bringing his family
to Kentucky when he lost his life by his canoe upsetting. His widow and
only son, James T. Osburn, Jr., who was aged ten years, continued westward
to the town of Boonsboro, Kentucky, where they remained one year,returning
to Virginia in 1797.
In the spring of 1798, this young man and his mother came west thesecond
time, traveling overland on horseback, his four sisters accompanying them.
They started from Abington, Virginia, on the banks of the Clinch river,and
finally after enduring many hardships reached Fort Washington, later on
named Cincinnati, going from there to Boonsboro, Kentucky, a portion ofthis
lonesome and wearisome journey being only a blazed trail, and thewilderness
of timber through which they journeyed being inhabited by wanderingIndians.
In the summer of 1799 these pioneers along with other emigrants came to
the wilds of Indiana territory, and located temporarily on a tract of land
near Metamora. The territorial lands had not at that early day beenthrown
open for entry or even taken as a homestead until September of 1804.
Something over one hundred years ago, this part of Indiana was not
generally settled; there was plenty of land and only small colonies and
settlements. It was fashionable to get married early in life, have large
families and populate the country, for then a home could be secured almost
for the asking and at not to exceed one dollar and twenty-five cents per
In the autumn of 1809, James T. Osburn, Jr., who had passed histwentieth
birthday anniversary, along with seven other young men of the West Fork
community decided their happiness would be increased by committingmatrimony
by wholesale and creating a little excitement and fresh material for the
gossips to digest.
Therefore, by a special agreement, the young men took their sweethearts
horseback behind them and struck the trail leading to Big Cedar creek, to
the home of Elder DeWeese, where they had their hearts and hands welded in
matrimony. This itinerant preacher did not make any charge for hisservices
because the Good Book suggested that mankind multiply and replenish.
This pioneer and his faithful wife set up housekeeping near the site of
St. Mary's church at Haymond, Indiana, and during his lifetime, was
prominently connected in the affairs of his community and county. He wasa
typical Virginian and prided himself on assisting the needy and distressed
and demonstrating his hospitality. He considered a good name preferableto
riches, yet he is said to have possessed both.
The result of James T. Osburn's venture and matrimonial union waseleven
children, six sons and five daughters.
Just here will state for the Osburn descendants (who are numerous) that
Captain James T. Osburn was a militia captain under General Noble.
It is related that Capt. James T. Osburn, who was a crack shot with a
rifle, killed four black bears while going to a neighbor's cabin a fewmiles
from Haymond. This frontiersman, while out hunting for deer one antumn,
killed one of the largest timber rattlesnakes ever seen in Franklincounty.
It measured twenty-four inches in circumference and had twenty-fourrattles,
hence it could give warning if disturbed; he was an athlete and expert
wrestler, and often mingled with the Indians and shot with a bow and arrow
and with his trusty rifle at a mark.
Mrs. Jane Harvey, wife of Squire Harvey and eldest daughter of Capt.
James T. Osburn and wife, furnished many thrilling incidents of hergirlhood
days. She related that her father when he went out on a hunting tour tobe
absent several days, carried punk and flint to start a fire, for matcheshad
not been invented; a large needle, and thread made of catgut, plenty of
powder, bullets and patching for his gun, a hunting knife, hand-axe,
corn-pone bread, salt and pepper, and a turkey caller which composed his
outfit. On one occasion, when he had his hunting dog along and hadwounded
a fine buck that had taken refuge in a hole of water in Pipe creek the dog
swam to the deer and it ripped the dog open, its entrails protruding.After
dispatching the deer, Mr. Osburn turned his attention to his onlycompanion,
the dog, sewed up the wound and the dog lived three years. Mrs. Harveytold
how in early days, about 1829, the settlers put bells on the stock running
at large. They had a herd of cattle in the woods; the wolves got afterthe
cattle and they headed for home, the howling of the wolves and bells
clanging on frightened cattle made a medley of sounds most discordant tothe
ear. The wolves killed one of the best heifers and devoured the animal.
Captain Osburn with the help of neighbors erected a wolf trap and nextnight
had the satisfaction of finding three full-grown wolves in the pen. Mrs.
Harvey accompanied her father to the trap.
One special incident related by Mrs. Jane Harvey may he of importanceto
those interested in the early history of Franklin county regarding the
Indians. Many of the pioneer trappers and hunters of the Whitewater
found it was policy to keep on friendly terms with the red men. In theyear
1833 when Mrs. Harvey was twelve years old, she accompanied her father and
mother to the last camp of about forty Indians located on Indian creek in
Metamora township, preparatory to their removal to a reservation. It was
their farewell pow-wow and the Indians were loath to leave such finehunting
Our readers will pardon us for giving incidents of pioneer people, but,
as many enjoy reminiscences of this character, will relate a few more
historical facts relating to the Osburn ancestors and their descendants.
Everybody about St. Marys of the Rock and in the Pipe creek country knows
Squire Osburn as the genial, honorable and generally hospitable farmer,
who is the last son of the original Osburn family. He carries the earmarks
as, regards sociability of his father and the Virginians of ancestralfame.
George Riley Osburn, whose death occurred November 20, 1909, was a
soldier during the Rebellion. He enlisted on January 1, 1862, in CompanyB,
Fifty-second Indiana infantry, and fought for the Stars and Stripes andthe
preservation of our Union.
As stated previously in this narrative, George Riley Osburn, the fifth
child of his father's family of eleven, remained at the old homestead near
St. Mary's and farmed and taught school until 1867, when he and his wifeand
family removed to Richland county, Illinois. He was the owner of three
hundred acres of fine black soil, but sickness and the death of his wifeand
six children discouraged him to remain in a malarial country, hence Mr.
Osborn sold out and he and his remaining son, William, returned toFranklin
county where it was more healthful.
If our readers will be patient, will digress and give a briefhistorical
account of the naming of Cincinnati and how it came about. The emigration
westward from eastern and middle states in 1787 was very great. The
commander at Fort Harmer, at the mouth of the Muskingum, reported four
thousand five hundred persons as haying passed that post between February
and June of 1788.
In January, 1788, Matthias Denman, of New Jersey, took an activeinterest
in the "Simms Purchase," and located among other tracts the sections upon
which Cincinnati has been built. Mr. Filson, who had been a schoolmaster,
was appointed to name the town and he named it Losantiville, which
interpreted means: ville, the town; anti, against or opposite to; as, the
mouth; and L, for Licking river opposite.
Fort Washington was established after Fort Vincennes was erected during
the earlier part of the troublesome Indian wars under General St. Clairand
General Anthony Wayne, and the town proper was called by the name
Losantiville. As stated, in 1799, its name was changed by Governor St.
Clair to Cincinnati and was the headquarters of the military and capitolof
the Northwest territory.
During the stampede from New Jersey, Virginia and the southern statesby
emigrants seeking homes in the northwest along the Ohio river to Kentucky
and what was then called Indiana territory, there were thousands whosettled
in this state. Among these many settlers was the Osburn family. The wife
of Capt. James T. Osburn, Ruth Nelson, was an own cousin of President
William Henry Harrison.
To return to the Osburn genealogy, we have tried to give a scattering
history, dating back to the Revolutionary War, from the fact that Captain
Osburn's father and his father's brother were both veterans of the War for
Ruth (Nelson) Osburn died March 20, 1857. Captain James T. Osburn's
death occurred April 5, 1859, in his seventy-third year.
It has been one hundred and fourteen years since the ancestral Osburn
family emigrated from Kentucky to Indiana, and one hundred andtwenty-seven
years since Captain Osburn's father, who could not swim, fell out of his
canoe and was drowned.
Squire Osborn, now in his seventy-sixth year, and Mrs. Mary Schakel,his
aged sister, aged eighty-one years, are the only survivors of this
P58 - Court at William Robenson's July 7, 1787, examination of SquireOsborn on suspicion of feloniously stealing a bay mare, property of JohnKendrick, prosecuted by John Kendrick. Present: Andrew Cowan, SamuelRitchie, Thomas Carter, John Thompson. Pleaded not guilty. Squire Osbornordered to be tried at the next court held in Richmond. Remanded to gaol.
P59 - John Kendrick, Thomas White, William Crockett, Ambrose Fletcher,Richard Crunk to appear in Richmond to give evidence in the case againstSquire Osborn.
P122 - Commonwealth vs Squire Osborn, presentment of the grand jury forprofane swearing. Def found guilty
Russell Co., VA, 1794 TaxList, (noted 4 November 2005)
James Osborn (1)
James Osborn (1)
Jonathan Osborn (1)
Squire Osborn (1)
Stephen Osborn (3).
- [S2027] 1787 Personal Property Tax List, transcribed by Jeffrey C. Weaver, Second District, WM 21+ WM 16-21 Blacks 16+ Blacks under 16 Horses Cattle, Alley, Thomas 1 - - - 4 3, Alley, James 1 - - - 5 19, Alley, John 1 - - - 2 -, Alley, Samuel 1 - - - 6 3, Alley, James, Jun. 1 - - - 5 2, Crunk, Richard - 1 - - - -, Crunk, John W. 1 - - - 1 2.
- [S2042] 1797 Tax List, Submitted by Michael A. Dye, LOWER DISTRICT, ROBERT TATE'S LIST, Osborn, James, (Moc) (1), Osborn, James (C.W.) (2), Osborn, John (1), Osborn, Jonathan (1), Osborn, Squire (1), Osborn, Stephen (3).
- [S1662] Secondary source, http://www.geocities.com/oceanbreez.geo/OSBORNE/osborn_dar_records.htm, noted 12 October 2003, DAR Patriot Index - Vol II, Page 159 - New Ancestor List (date unknown), [Page] 159, OSBORN, Squire: b. ca. 1765, d. p. 1797; m. Elizabeth ALLEY; Pvt., NC..
- [S3100] Russell County, Virginia Law Order Book 1 (1786 - 1791), Abstracted By Rhonda Robertson.
- [S2027] 1787 Personal Property Tax List, transcribed by Jeffrey C. Weaver.
- [S1318] Biography of William R. Osburn, History of Franklin County, Indiana, ((Indianapolis: B.F. Bowen & Co., Inc., 1915). Page 872. Noted 4 November 2005), says died 1796, but also says that James T., son of Squire, was 10 years old, which would have been about 1807 - plus, younger children weren't born yet.